5 Common Complications of Impacted Wisdom Teeth

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Category: Health and Medicine

Wisdom teeth usually come in a lot later than other adult teeth, and they can become impacted when there isn’t enough room for them to emerge or when they come in at an odd angle. Impacted wisdom teeth are actually quite common, but not many people understand the complications associated with them.

Here are just five reasons why you should never ignore an impacted wisdom tooth.

  1. Pain

At first, you might only notice a slight sense of discomfort when you’re chewing, and sometimes things will never go further. Unfortunately, impacted wisdom teeth can continue erupting poorly, which often leads to pain towards the back of the mouth. If left untreated, pain will spread to the surrounding teeth. You may even start finding it painful to open and close your jaw.

  1. Damage to Surrounding Teeth

If a wisdom tooth doesn’t have enough space or comes through at an odd angle, it usually pushes against the second molar. This tooth-on-tooth contact can cause damage over time, but the more immediate problem is a risk of infection. If left untreated, the additional crowding created by an impacted wisdom tooth can require orthodontic treatment to put right.

  1. Cysts

Each wisdom tooth develops in a sac within your jawbone. That sac can fill with fluid that will form into a painful cyst. Cysts can damage the jawbone, teeth, and nerves; in rare cases, tumours can develop, which can require the removal of bone and tissue.

  1. Decay

Decay is a common cause of tooth loss, and impacted wisdom teeth put you at a much higher risk of decay. That’s because it’s very hard to clean around impacted wisdom teeth. Food and bacterial will get trapped, and decay will be able to develop un-harassed by either your floss or your toothpaste.

  1. Gum Disease

When a tooth doesn’t erupt properly, a gap can be left between the tooth and the gumline. Food debris and bacteria can easily infiltrate, which often leads to gum disease. Gum disease can lead to several further complications, including tooth loss.